Bone-Healthy Living / Treatment / February 14, 2012

A small team of researchers from Cleveland’s Case Western Reserve University have put together a package that encases material that is identical to the ingredients that allow bone to re-grow and heal where there are injuries. The package is placed where bone needs to heal. The package is used as a storage and delivery tool for the nature-alike material to the fractures. (1) It has been observed that following this method of delivery heals serious bone injuries faster than any of the current methods used worldwide. The new technique also helps heal bone wounds that have no chance of healing if left to it’s own devices and such injuries where bone re-growth is expected to be very slow. As per Melissa Knothe Tate, a joint professor of biomedical engineering and mechanical & aerospace engineering at Case Western Reserve University, “We’re…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Research / January 3, 2012

The anatomical structure and the working of a ‘molecular motor’ has now been identified whose malfunctioning is believed to be responsible for the onset of many critical diseases and health conditions such as osteoporosis and even cancer. The motor is an energy-converting protein known as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase. Every cell in our body contains this cell which is used to produce energy for the organs for our body to function. The ATP synthase protein interacts with the fatty acids that surround it. The fatty acids form membranes around each cell giving the cell mechanical protection from physical shock. It also provides structural support for the cell as well as acts as a semi-permeable barrier to other surrounding cells. The function of the fatty acids is to act like a lubricant for the functioning of this molecular motor. (1) The…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Exercise / Research / December 13, 2011

While most of the focus on obesity is from the perspective of the risks it adds to a person’s cardiovascular health, chances of developing diabetes, sleep apnea, certain cancer types and other medical conditions, it has now come to light that obesity also plays a major role in pegging your risk of developing osteoporosis and osteoarthritis later in life. Researchers from Sweden’s Sahlgrenska Academy (Gothenburg University) have carried out a study which revealed that the body’s obesity-related hormone called adiponectin was responsible for increased risk of fractures as well as osteoporosis. (1) Obesity is an adverse medical condition where the body accumulates excessive fat and puts it to risk for various health problems and in some cases life expectancy. Obesity is usually managed by improving the lifestyle of the effected person through better eating habits, improving food quality, exercising and…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Research / December 2, 2011

Research from Case Western University now suggests that most humans are doomed to develop backbone fractures as they age and evolution from apes to humans is to blame. Though osteoporosis is often cited as the cause for backbone fractures, the researchers at the university find the structure of our spine the real culprit. (1) If we take a look at the anatomy of our vertebrae or backbone and compare it with that of apes, we will see that our backbone is more porous than apes. It is also much larger than their’s. However, unlike apes, our backbone is encased in a significantly thinner case of shell made of bone. In apes, the encasing shell is much thicker and so it remains intact for longer even as apes age. As long as humans are young and the bone loss phenomenon has…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Experts / Research / Video / November 23, 2011

Scientists at the Canada’s Intitut De Recherches Cliniques De Montreal have discovered a gene that they believe has controlling influence on bone mass of an individual thus proving critical to predisposing a person to osteoporosis. (1) The study was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and it’s findings were published in the October issue of Cell Metabolism. The research team was trying to find out about the mechanisms that were involved in bone formation and bone mineral dissolution causing bone breakdown. Bone formation was brought on by the production of bone cells called osteoblasts. Dissolution of bone known as resorption of bone was caused by the manufacture of bone cells called osteoclasts. These two types of bone cells work in tandem which reshapes the bones and…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Research / November 16, 2011

Stem cells are biological cells that may develop into many different types of cells in the body in its early stages of development. They are known to serve as a sort of internal repair system, dividing without limit to replenish other cells as and when required.(1) Now a study conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology shows that it is possible to ‘induce’ stem cells to develop into a certain specific type of cell just by controlling their shape. This has immensely beneficial implications in the field of osteoporosis treatment as it points at designing material which will help regeneration of lost or damaged tissues in the body.(2) It is known that in the realms of tissue-engineering, the primary objective is to repair as well as regenerate partially lost or damaged body tissues. This is done using stem…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Other / Research / Video / November 16, 2011

We have known for some time that aging causes our bones to become brittle and in turn makes them more susceptible to fractures. So far the reason attributed to brittleness of bones was the loss of mass or quantity of bone in the senior population. Because of this reason the focus of most bone-health research was to come up with solutions to retard if not reduce this quantity of bone loss. However, scientists from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (U.S Department of Energy) have come up with some very interesting findings from their new research (supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health). They say that it is not only the loss in the quantity or mass of bone but also in the quality of bone that occur at the microscopic level which is as responsible for the…

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Bone-Healthy Living / Research / November 10, 2011

It’s not your imagination that kids are breaking more bones now than their parents did. A Mayo Clinic study published in JAMA discovered that forearm fractures have risen more than 32% in boys, and 56% in girls in the past 30 years. The Mayo clinic study also found a correlation between forearm fractures and an increased risk of hip fractures and osteoporosis later in life. Focusing on kids’ bone health now, can have immediate and far-reaching benefits. Getting the right nutrients for bones is important for kids, because peak bone mass is reached before the age of 25, according to The International Osteoporosis Foundation. A number of different dietary and lifestyle factors could be linked to the rise in fractures and causing kids to not maximize their bone growth: Mineral depletion of our soil & food processing = mineral depleted…

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