The Ultimate Guide to the Power Root Turmeric Curcumin

Nutrition / Omega 3 / May 5, 2017

bunches of turmeric curumin roots

Of all the ancient foods enjoying massive revivals in popularity, turmeric may be the biggest star of them all.

What is turmeric?

Turns out that turmeric is a cousin of ginger and if you’ve seen either root in its raw form, you can see the resemblance.

Turmeric, scientific name Curcuma longa, is a rhizome, which means horizontal root. It’s native to Southeast Asia where it gets both the plentiful rainfall and the warm temperatures between 68°F and 86°F (20 and 30 °C) it needs to thrive.

Turmeric’s known usage goes back thousands of years as a medicinal ingredient in Siddha, Ayurveda, and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Before it was used in medicine, it looks like humans first used turmeric as a dye. Medicinal and culinary uses then followed.

Today turmeric is being touted as one of the greatest anti-inflammatory agents around, in addition to its multitude of other health benefits.  As consumers become more aware of toxic food additives and chemicals used in the textile industry, turmeric is also seeing a revival in its original use as a dye.

If you suffer from chronic inflammation, knowing more about turmeric is an absolute must.

Other medical conditions that turmeric shows potential in helping include diabetes, cancer, depression, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, also known as IBS) and heart disease. If you’re coping with a decline in cognitive function, turmeric may provide you with some benefits too.

So what is it that makes turmeric such a powerful aid against such a variety of disease states?

Well, science keeps coming back to one thing: curcumin. Curcumin is a compound found in turmeric, accounting for an average of 3.14% of dried turmeric. Molecularly speaking, 3.14% is a lot.

Scientifically speaking, curcumin can do a lot for your health.


What is Curcumin?

Turmeric has several curcuminoids, but curcumin is the most well-known and plentiful.

Curcuminoids are naturally occurring compounds found in certain plants that give them their distinctive yellow-orange color.

Curcumin has been found to reduce circulating C-reactive proteins, the physiological byproducts of stress that research shows are horrible for heart health. The benefits of curcumin don’t stop there though…

Curcumin is listed as a nutraceutical, (a standardized, pharmaceutical-grade nutrient)  because of its antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antithrombotic, and antiviral properties.


Top 7 Turmeric Curcumin Benefits

With all those reported health benefits it’s no wonder that turmeric is enjoying its perch as the latest “miracle” food from ancient times.

But the thing is, turmeric is here to stay because science continually discovers more and more benefits of turmeric (mainly thanks to curcumin).

65 clinical trials on curcumin have shown its promising positive effects on diabetes, cancer, mental health, autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular disease, and neurological diseases.

What’s more, there have been over 6,000 peer-reviewed scientific articles published in the last two decades discussing the effectiveness and benefits of turmeric curcumin.

Here are the top 7 conditions that turmeric curcumin helps with…

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Decreases Pain and Chronic Inflammation

Curcumin has been shown to have tremendous anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, one study published in The Journal of Oncogene showed that curcumin is more potent than Aspirin (Bayer etc.) and Ibuprofen (Advil etc.) when it came to suppressing inflammation and blocking the process of tumor cell proliferation.

Takeaway: Curcumin shows massive potential as a natural pain and inflammation reliever without the side effects of prescription and over the counter (OTC) drugs.

Potential Alternative for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Curcumin may provide an effective, less expensive, and more tolerated option for inflammatory bowel disease. In one 3 month study, participants were given curcumin and the results showed it had inhibitory effects on major inflammatory mechanisms. This suggests that it’s a bright prospect as a treatment for IBD.

Takeaway: While additional research is still needed, curcumin may be a prospective treatment for IBD.

Reduces Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

In addition to curcumin’s incredible anti-inflammatory properties, it also boasts anti-arthritic properties.  Anti-arthritic refers to the distinct signs and symptoms of arthritis, which typically both stem from- and feed- inflammation, creating a toxic, constant feedback loop. In a preliminary double-blind, randomized trial curcumin was shown to reduce tenderness and swelling of joints with no related adverse effects.

Takeaway: It’s possible that we’ll soon see curcumin being used as an effective treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis once additional research is conducted.

Boosts Brain Function

 For many years, it was generally considered that the brain was insensitive to insulin, but now we know that’s not the case. In fact, this hormone plays important roles in learning and memory. Insulin resistance is a key pathological feature of Alzheimer’s disease. Studies have investigated the effect of curcumin on brain insulin receptors (IRs), memory function, and oxidative stress…and it looks promising.

Takeaway: Curcumin has been shown to have beneficial effects on neurodegenerative disorders such as dementia of Alzheimer type. While research is still limited, results suggest that curcumin may have a protective effect on dementia due to its ability to affect insulin receptors.

Improves Heart Health

Curcumin’s anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic (decreases blood clots), and anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth) properties are well known. Curcumin is being studied as a potential supplement in both the treatment and prevention of a host of cardiovascular disease states. Studies are showing strong correlations and promising effects. In fact, one study showed that curcumin has the potential to reduce the risk of heart attacks.

Takeaway: If heart disease runs in your family and/or you currently have signs and symptoms associated with heart disease, look into the potential benefits of curcumin while exploring recipes with turmeric.

May Protect Against Cancer

One powerful study showed the multitude of ways that curcumin may be beneficial in treating and preventing cancer. Namely, by changing the actual pathways through which cells proliferate, regenerate, and communicate. That’s on top of curcumin’s ability to cause changes to the way cells’ organelles function and selectively kill tumor cells while leaving healthy cells alone.

Takeaway: With a little more research we may soon be seeing curcumin as both a potential prevention and treatment modality for cancer.

Reduces Symptoms of Depression

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has long used turmeric (curcumin) in its herb blends to treat depression. Now animal studies are showing curcumin’s ability to decrease depressive behaviors while increasing neurotransmitters associated with happiness – serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline. Another study is the first to show potential that curcumin may be a safe alternative to antidepressant medication without side effects such as suicidal ideation.

Takeaway: Curcumin shows potential as an approach to depression. So keep an eye out to see what further scientific research shows.

The one thing that keeps cropping up in these studies (and many more) is the potency of turmeric curcumin’s anti-inflammatory properties. And you already know the importance of suppressing inflammation in your body for your bone health, right?


Turmeric Curcumin, Inflammation and Bone Health

The link between curcumin’s anti-inflammatory properties and bone health may not seem obvious at first, but if you dig a little deeper it becomes apparent.

Bones are continually being broken down and built back up. This is a normal process.

Over your lifetime the rate of breaking bone down outpaces building it back up, which accounts for a loss in bone mass as you age.

While some level of this is a normal part of life, an extreme progression of bone loss that leads to osteopenia or even osteoporosis, is not normal.

Anything that promotes inflammation promotes osteoclast activity (the cells that break bone down). So inflammation progresses bone loss.

You can stop inflammation in its tracks by decreasing pro-inflammatory lifestyle choices, like refined sugars, processed foods etc. and replace them with anti-inflammatory choices like turmeric curcumin, fish oil, and additional antioxidants.

That’s exactly why AlgaeCal offers Triple Power Omega 3 Fish Oil, which contains organic turmeric curcumin as one of its main ingredients.

Turmeric Curcumin Dosage

While there’s a lot of science proving the benefits of turmeric curcumin, there has yet to be a standardized recommended dosage for overall consumption, let alone disease-specific recommendations.

As with any supplement, the recommended dosage and the time before you’ll see tangible benefits depend upon how severe the deficiency and/or disease state was to begin with.

Many nutrients come with an upper-intake level that’s not recommended to exceed. At this time, curcumin doesn’t have one as it hasn’t shown any prolonged, or severe side effects at high dosages.

For a general recommendation, the University of Maryland Medical Center suggests the following:

  • Fresh root: 1 to 3 grams daily, which comes out to roughly 1 to 2 inches
  • Turmeric powder: 1 to 3 grams daily as well, which is roughly 1/3 to 1 teaspoon of turmeric
  • Standardized curcumin powder (supplement form): 400 to 600 mg up to 3 times a day

Turmeric Curcumin Side Effects

Turmeric and its powerhouse nutrient curcumin are safe for consumption.

As with anything, if taken in mega-dosages, you’re going to experience some side effects, especially if you don’t slowly build up the amount you take.

The distinctive flavor of turmeric has a way of acting as a deterrent in adding excessive amounts to food dishes. General side effects include upset stomach, nausea, gas, and diarrhea.

For individuals with diabetes, Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), depressive disorders, fertility concerns, bleeding disorders or who are pregnant, speak with your doctor before adding large amounts of turmeric to your food or supplementing with curcumin.

To reap the benefits of turmeric, use it in recipes such as curry, soups and lentil dishes. You’ll find that turmeric is a versatile spice that boosts the flavor of many dishes. On that note, try out the latest health craze: a golden milk latte (recipe shown below).

Close up chia pudding with hand

Turmeric Recipes You’ll LOVE

If you want to incorporate turmeric in your diet – use it in delicious recipes.

Make sure to choose turmeric that is USDA organic to get maximum benefits. Like all dried herbs and spices, it’s best to keep your ground turmeric in the refrigerator to keep the beneficial oils, compounds, and flavors from going bad.

If you’re using fresh turmeric root, you can keep it on your counter in a shaded place like you would ginger, garlic etc.

Turmeric has a very distinct flavor that will keep you from adding too much. If you’ve ever had a turmeric-heavy dish, you know that flavor well. However, don’t let this deter you from adding it in reasonable quantities to your food.

A great place to start is looking up recipes that call for turmeric and try them out. A few surprise recipes that turmeric makes even better are chili, tacos, and guacamole.

Try the following fun recipes and let us know which you like best!

We also have drink recipes too…


5-Minute Turmeric Tea Recipe (How to Make the Ultimate Golden Milk)

Sometimes it’s nice to drink your nutrients. That may be a reason turmeric tea and turmeric lattes (also known as golden milk) are gaining popularity.

Check out our delicious versions below!

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Warming Golden Milk Tea

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup coconut milk (or almond milk or milk)
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp. cinnamon powder
  • 1 tsp. raw honey (optional)
  • 2-3 black peppercorns (increases absorption)
  • 1/4 tsp. ginger powder or small piece of freshly peeled ginger

* choose organic ingredients whenever possible

Directions:

  1. Pour ingredients into a saucepan on medium heat until hot (3-5 minutes)
  2. Strain out peppercorns and fresh ginger
  3. Drink!

Cooling Golden Milk Tea

Using the same ingredients…

Directions:

  1. Whisk coconut milk, water, turmeric, cinnamon, honey and ginger in a small bowl.
  2. Add peppercorns and let sit for 5-10 minutes while the flavors marry.
  3. Strain out peppercorns and ginger
  4. Add ice to a glass
  5. Pour over ice and drink!

Power Pairings for Turmeric Curcumin

To get the most out of turmeric curcumin, pair it with black pepper. Black pepper increases curcumin’s absorption and thus efficacy. The two spices make a delicious pairing, meaning it’s easy to find a recipe calling for both. Many curcumin supplements will contain black pepper as well to boost its powerful benefits.

You can also combine turmeric with ginger, cayenne, hemp and coconut as these all increase curcumin absorption, too.

Because of their anti-inflammatory effects, fish oil and turmeric curcumin may seem like an obvious pairing.

Scientific studies are showing that they may be an even better pair than you think. The docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) found in fish oil binds with curcumin and helps it pass the blood-brain barrier in the brain, thus improving its ability to have positive effects on brain-related disorders.

This is yet another example of nutrients working together and another reason turmeric curcumin is incorporated into Triple Omega 3 Fish Oil.

Turmeric Curcumin Infographic

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Do you have any further questions about turmeric curcumin? Let us know in the comments below!

  • Individuals dealing with inflammation-related disorders or any of the aforementioned disease states may benefit from incorporating turmeric into their diet and exploring the option of a curcumin supplement.

  • To get the benefits of turmeric curcumin, without the gastrointestinal side effects of big dosages, aim for 1 to 2 inches of fresh turmeric root or 1 teaspoon ground turmeric a day.  If you’re going to supplement with curcumin, let your healthcare provider know and look for a supplement with 400 to 600 mg curcumin.

  • Yes, turmeric root is available at most health or grocery stores. It is commonly used as a spice in curries, or other dishes, including drinks.

  • Since the absorption and utilization of curcumin increases when paired with things like black pepper and fish oil, it’s best to take it with a meal.

    • Large amounts of turmeric, like large amounts of any food ingredient, can cause upset stomach, nausea, gas and diarrhea.
  • It is a tea made with turmeric root or turmeric powder, along with other warming spices like ginger and cinnamon. For a wonderful turmeric ‘golden milk’ recipe, see ” 5-Minute Turmeric Tea Recipe (How to Make the Ultimate Golden Milk)” section above.

  • Turmeric is a beautiful golden orange spice when dried and ground.  When in root form, it looks like branched tubes with a brown covering and bright orange inside.

    • Look for turmeric that is USDA organic to get the most health benefits. For supplements in particular, make sure it is standardized to 95% curcuminoids. This ensures that you are getting concentrated and powerful antioxidant protection – plus a healthy inflammatory response.
Comments
WILLIAM
WILLIAM

The article stated: “Curcumin is listed as a nutraceutical, (a standardized, pharmaceutical-grade nutrient) because of its antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antithrombotic, and antiviral properties.” Antibacterial, what about my gut bacteria, how will all of the spices that are antibacterial affect my good gut bacteria?

Jenna AlgaeCal
Jenna AlgaeCal

Hi William,

One of the many amazing benefits of curcumin is that it promotes a healthy gut microbiome – this is what’s meant by antibacterial.

If you’re interested in learning more about the research supporting this, you can check out these studies: study 1, study 2, study 3.

Let us know if you have further questions!

– Jenna @ AlgaeCal

Bren
Bren

I took Tumeric for a month and it really upset my gastrointestinal tract to the point of having to see a Doctor and Colonoscopy which showed nothing.

Jenna AlgaeCal
Jenna AlgaeCal

We’re so sorry to hear that Bren.

To avoid gastrointestinal side effects from big dosages of turmeric, we suggest aiming for 1 to 2 inches of fresh turmeric root or 1 teaspoon ground turmeric a day. If you’re going to supplement with curcumin, always be sure to let your healthcare provider know and look for a supplement with 400 to 600 mg curcumin.

We hope that’s helpful!

– Jenna @ AlgaeCal

Ted
Ted

Monica,
I am also aware of this , I think
it is a very good point for people
that are new to supplements to
treat inflammation , not that that
is it’s only use.
I’m glad Gary mentioned coconut,
I don’t care much for turmeric alone.
What I have now is Curcumin Powder that is supposedly 40
times more absorbable then typical Curcumin supplements , hence no pepper present, I plan to try it with honey , shredded coconut and I will include some black pepper.
Hopefully Gary or someone will chime in on whether this combination is a problem or not.
Peace to all , best wishes with all your health issues.

Monica AlgaeCal
Monica AlgaeCal

Hi Ted,

That combination sounds really delicious!

– Monica

rennea d burgess
rennea d burgess

hi, i already take algae cal plus, and strontium boost. now this other item curcumin, is this the same as turmeric. i have the beginnings of arthritis in both knees, especially the left one. what should i be taking for this please?? i really appreciate an answer asap. thank you so very much, rennea.

Monica
Monica

Hi Rennea,
If you are suffering from arthritis, the root cause is usually inflammation. Turmeric is the root, curcumin is the main active agent in turmeric that has been shown for all the health benefits mentioned in the post. Our Triple Power Omega 3 Fish Oil is ideal for this as it has clinical doses of omega 3s, astaxanthin and organic turmeric curcumin. The curcumin in Triple Power is in 95% curcuminoids, meaning it’s super concentrated so you get the most benefit. Together, these ingredients make it a triple inflammation fighter.

For more on Triple Power, go here: https://www.algaecal.com/product/triple-omega3-fish-oil/
– Monica

Garry
Garry

It seems that curcumin, turmeric and turmeric curcumin are intermingled with little distinction being made.
Finding curcumin (assumedly turmeric-curcumin) is relatively easy but powdered turmeric is almost impossible to locate.

Monica
Monica

Hi Garry,
To clarify, curcumin is the main active agent in turmeric. While turmeric does contain curcumin it’s at around 2-5%, which is quite minimal so isolated curcumin is sold as a supplement or added to supplements to increase its benefits. Turmeric curcumin is both – so that can be in its natural root or powdered form.

Turmeric powder is actually quite common and can be found in most grocery stores and especially most health food stores. If you can’t find it in your area you can also buy it online.
– Monica

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